Getting started with OSSEC¶
OSSEC is a platform to monitor and control your systems. It mixes together all the aspects of HIDS (host-based intrusion detection), log monitoring, and Security Incident Management (SIM)/Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) together in a simple, powerful, and open source solution.
OSSEC helps customers meet specific compliance requirements such as PCI and HIPAA. It lets customers detect and alert on unauthorized file system modifications and malicious behavior embedded in the log files of commercial products as well as custom applications. For PCI, it covers the sections of file integrity monitoring (PCI 11.5, 10.5), log inspection and monitoring (section 10), and policy enforcement/checking.
OSSEC lets customers implement a comprehensive host based intrusion detection system with fine grained application/server specific policies across multiple platforms such as Linux, Solaris, Windows, and Mac OS X.
Real-time and Configurable Alerts¶
OSSEC lets customers configure incidents they want to be alerted on, and lets them focus on raising the priority of critical incidents over the regular noise on any system. Integration with smtp, sms, and syslog allows customers to be on top of alerts by sending them to e-mail enabled devices. Active response options to block an attack immediately are also available.
Integration with current infrastructure¶
OSSEC will integrate with current investments from customers such as SIM/SEM (Security Incident Management/Security Events Management) products for centralized reporting and correlation of events.
OSSEC provides a simplified centralized management server to manage policies across multiple operating systems. Additionally, it also lets customers define server specific overrides for finer grained policies.
Agent and agentless monitoring¶
OSSEC offers the flexibility of agent based and agentless monitoring of systems and networking components such as routers and firewalls. Agentless monitoring lets customers who have restrictions on software being installed on systems (such as FDA approved systems or appliances) meet security and compliance needs.
File Integrity checking¶
There is one thing in common to any attack to your networks and computers: they change your systems in some way. The goal of file integrity checking (or FIM - file integrity monitoring) is to detect these changes and alert you when they happen. It can be an attack, or a misuse by an employee or even a typo by an admin, any file, directory or registry change will be alerted to you.
Covers PCI DSS sections 11.5 and 10.5.5.
Your operating system wants to speak to you, but do you know how to listen? Every operating system, application, and device on your network generate logs (events) to let you know what is happening. OSSEC collects, analyzes and correlates these logs to let you know if something suspicious is happening (attack, misuse, errors, etc). Do you want to know when an application is installed on your client box? Or when someone changes a rule in your firewall? By monitoring your logs, OSSEC will notify you.
This should cover PCI DSS section 10.
Criminal hackers want to hide their actions, but using rootkit detection you can be notified when the system is modified in a way common to rootkits.
Active response allows OSSEC to take immediate action when specified alerts are triggered. This may prevent an incident from spreading before an administrator can take action.